54 Best Cities To Visit In Africa (One City Per Country)

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Africa is a continent rich with diversity, from bustling markets to quiet beachfronts and everything in between. Each country offers a unique city that captures the essence of its culture, history, and people. Whether you’re exploring ancient ruins, tasting local cuisines, or soaking up the vibrant street life, there’s a city in Africa that will capture your heart. Let’s embark on a journey through 54 of the best cities to visit in Africa, one from each country, where each destination promises its own unique set of adventures and experiences.

Algiers, Algeria

Algiers combines French colonial architecture with the white-washed buildings of the Mediterranean. The city is known for its Casbah, a maze of narrow streets and historical significance that leads up to the Notre Dame d’Afrique, a symbol of religious harmony.

Luanda, Angola

Luanda is a city transforming rapidly, characterized by its waterfront promenade known as the Marginal and the historic Fortaleza de São Miguel. Despite challenges, the city boasts high energy, stunning ocean views, and an emerging arts scene.

Porto-Novo, Benin

As the capital city of Benin, Porto-Novo is filled with rich history and culture. It features beautiful colonial architecture, museums like the Musée Honmé, and vibrant markets showcasing the best of local crafts and flavors.


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Gaborone, Botswana

Gaborone is a young city, notable for its modern buildings and active cultural scene. The Gaborone Game Reserve and the National Museum offer visitors a glimpse into Botswana’s wildlife and artistic heritage.

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, is known for its lively cultural festivals, including the biennial African film festival, FESPACO. The city serves as a hub of African cinema and traditional crafts.

Bujumbura, Burundi

Located by the shores of Lake Tanganyika, Bujumbura offers lovely beachside escapes within the city limits. It’s a place where peace and natural beauty come together, highlighted by attractions like the Livingstone-Stanley Monument.

Praia, Cape Verde

Praia on Santiago Island is the bustling capital of Cape Verde, known for its blend of African and Portuguese influences. The city’s music scene is vibrant, reflecting the archipelago’s rich cultural tapestry.

Yaoundé, Cameroon

Yaoundé spreads across seven hills, offering impressive views and a cooler climate than much of Cameroon. This city is known for its vibrant markets and as a center of Cameroonian politics and culture.

Bangui, Central African Republic

Bangui stands on the banks of the Ubangi River, serving as a lively capital despite its tumultuous history. The city’s markets and the beautiful river backdrop make it a memorable stop for those exploring this part of Africa.

N’Djamena, Chad

N’Djamena is a city where various cultures converge, reflected in its diverse markets and the National Museum, which offers insights into Chad’s archaeological and ethnological history.

Moroni, Comoros

Moroni offers a blend of Swahili and Arabic influences, seen in its architecture and the ancient Sultan’s palace. The city is framed by volcanic mountains and fragrant ylang-ylang plantations.

Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kinshasa is a dynamic city known for its music scene, particularly the rhythms of Congolese rumba. Despite its size and complexity, the city has an undeniable vitality that reflects its cultural importance in Central Africa.

Djibouti City, Djibouti

Djibouti City serves as a critical port and hub in the Horn of Africa, distinguished by its diverse population and French and Arabic architectural influences. The city is a gateway to exploring the country’s remarkable landscapes like Lake Assal.

Cairo, Egypt

Cairo, the heart of Egypt, is where ancient meets modern. The city is home to invaluable historical sites like the Pyramids of Giza and the Egyptian Museum, alongside vibrant bazaars and a bustling nightlife.

Malabo, Equatorial Guinea

Located on the island of Bioko, Malabo offers a mix of colonial Spanish architecture and traditional African buildings. Despite its small size, it’s the cultural and economic heart of Equatorial Guinea.

Asmara, Eritrea

Asmara is known for its well-preserved colonial Italian architecture, with art deco buildings that have earned it UNESCO World Heritage status. The city’s cafe culture and temperate climate make it a delightful place to explore.

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Addis Ababa is a city of contrasts, where traditional markets sit alongside modern buildings. It’s known for its museums, including the National Museum of Ethiopia, which houses the famous Lucy skeleton, and vibrant coffee culture.

Libreville, Gabon

Libreville faces the Atlantic Ocean and is known for its waterfront boulevards lined with palm trees. The city blends urban life with nature, evident in spots like the Pointe Denis beach and the Arboretum de Sibang.

Banjul, The Gambia

Banjul is set on an island at the mouth of the Gambia River. The city feels more like a sleepy town, famed for its National Museum and bustling Albert Market.

Accra, Ghana

Accra pulses with energy, offering everything from historical sites like the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum to modern art galleries and lively night markets. The city serves as a testament to Ghana’s spirit and hospitality.

Conakry, Guinea

Conakry is located on the Atlantic coast of Guinea and is known for its islands and vibrant music scene. Despite its urban challenges, the city boasts lively markets and a rich cultural landscape.

Bissau, Guinea-Bissau

Bissau offers a mix of Portuguese colonial history and African culture. The city is relatively laid back and is known for its carnival, one of the most colorful in West Africa.

Nairobi, Kenya

Nairobi is a city where wildlife and urban life coexist. You can visit the Nairobi National Park, the world’s only game reserve within a city, and enjoy the dynamic arts and food scene.

Maseru, Lesotho

Maseru, the capital of Lesotho, sits by the border with South Africa and is known for its Basotho hat-shaped parliament building. The city offers access to Lesotho’s rugged natural landscapes, including the nearby Thaba Bosiu plateau.

Monrovia, Liberia

Monrovia is a city with a resilient spirit, evident in its bustling markets and vibrant cultural scene. The city’s history is showcased at the Liberian National Museum.

Tripoli, Libya

Tripoli features a unique Mediterranean and Arab charm with its old town, the Medina, and the impressive Red Castle overlooking the sea. The city’s history spans multiple eras from Roman to Ottoman.

Antananarivo, Madagascar

Antananarivo, perched on Madagascar’s central highlands, is known for its French colonial architecture and vibrant street markets. The city offers picturesque views and rich history.

Lilongwe, Malawi

Lilongwe combines old and new, with a traditional African township and a modern administrative center. It’s a quiet city with friendly locals and a slow pace of life.

Bamako, Mali

Bamako sits on the Niger River and is known for its musical heritage, particularly blues and jazz, influenced by traditional Malian music. The city is lively with markets and a strong cultural identity.

Nouakchott, Mauritania

Nouakchott, located where the Sahara meets the Atlantic, offers unique seaside scenery contrasted against desert dunes. The city is a blend of traditional and modern, with bustling markets and wide boulevards.

Port Louis, Mauritius

Port Louis is the vibrant capital of Mauritius and offers a mix of Indian, African, and European influences. The city is known for its waterfront area and the lively Central Market.

Rabat, Morocco

Rabat is Morocco’s political and administrative capital and offers visitors a less hectic experience than other Moroccan cities. It’s known for its beautiful historical sites, including the Hassan Tower and the picturesque Kasbah of the Udayas.

Maputo, Mozambique

Maputo offers an attractive coastal setting with wide avenues lined with jacaranda trees and a mix of colonial and modern architecture. The city is known for its lively arts scene and seafood cuisine.

Windhoek, Namibia

Windhoek is nestled among rolling hills and serves as both the cultural heart and the capital of Namibia. The city combines German colonial architecture with modern buildings and is known for its craft markets and vibrant nightlife.

Niamey, Niger

Niamey stretches along the banks of the Niger River and is known for its markets and vibrant cultural scene. The city serves as a gateway to exploring the country’s landscapes and wildlife.

Abuja, Nigeria

Abuja is a planned city with a calm environment compared to Nigeria’s more hectic urban centers. The city is known for its beautiful Millennium Park and Aso Rock, a large monolith that dominates the skyline.

Kigali, Rwanda

Kigali is known for its cleanliness, safety, and welcoming atmosphere. The city is a testament to Rwanda’s resilience and commitment to growth, with a peaceful environment and rapidly developing infrastructure.

São Tomé, São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé offers a blend of Portuguese colonial architecture and tropical landscapes. The city is quiet and picturesque, with cocoa plantations and lush greenery surrounding it.

Dakar, Senegal

Dakar is a lively city known for its vibrant arts and music scene. The city hosts the world-famous Dakar Biennale of African contemporary art and offers bustling markets and colorful street life.

Victoria, Seychelles

Victoria is one of the smallest capitals in the world but is packed with character. The city is famous for its Creole architecture and the vibrant Sir Selwyn Selwyn-Clarke Market.

Freetown, Sierra Leone

Freetown sits on a peninsula on the Atlantic coast and is known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and lovely beaches. The city has a friendly vibe and is surrounded by lush mountains.

Mogadishu, Somalia

Mogadishu is experiencing a rebirth, focusing on rebuilding and restoring its historical sites, including the famous Bakaara Market. The city’s coastline offers stunning views of the Indian Ocean.

Pretoria, South Africa

Pretoria is a city marked by its historical significance and lovely purple swathes of jacarandas in spring. It’s known for its well-preserved Union Buildings, the seat of the South African government.

Juba, South Sudan

Juba is a bustling city along the White Nile and is the capital of South Sudan. The city is growing rapidly and plays a crucial role in the country’s development.

Khartoum, Sudan

Khartoum is where the Blue and White Nile rivers meet, known for its confluence called ‘The Mogran’. The city is a cultural hub with museums and markets that showcase Sudanese heritage.

Mbabane, Eswatini

Mbabane is the administrative capital of Eswatini, nestled in the Dlangeni Hills. The city is known for its markets filled with handicrafts and its cool, pleasant climate.

Dodoma, Tanzania

Dodoma, the capital city of Tanzania, is surrounded by wine country and offers a more laid-back atmosphere compared to the commercial hub of Dar es Salaam. The city is growing and evolving with its role as the political center of the country.

Lomé, Togo

Lomé is the vibrant capital of Togo, known for its palm-lined Atlantic coastline and bustling markets like the Grand Marché. The city has a rich history evident in its architecture and community life.

Tunis, Tunisia

Tunis is a city steeped in history, from its ancient medina to the ruins of Carthage nearby. The city blends Arab-Islamic architecture with French colonial influences, creating a unique cultural tapestry.

Kampala, Uganda

Kampala is known for its vibrant cultural scene, with numerous theatres, galleries, and markets. The city sits on several hills, each housing important government and religious buildings.

Lusaka, Zambia

Lusaka is the commercial and political heart of Zambia, known for its modern shopping complexes and bustling markets. The city is a gateway to the safari experiences Zambia is famous for.

Harare, Zimbabwe

Harare is a city that offers a pleasant climate, beautiful parks, and a laid-back atmosphere. It’s known for its vibrant arts scene, with galleries and events showcasing local talent.


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